The following provides you with some proven cognitive activities for your baby:
Read and read some more.
Reading is a proven way to promote your little one’s thought development. In the first month, begin by reading almost anything aloud to your baby. At 3 months, move to brightly colored picture books that show common objects. In later months, create your own book with pictures of familiar people or things. His attention span might only be a few minutes but reading every day will pay off over time.
Encourage self-confidence through repetition.
Doing the same things over and over with your baby provides practice that helps him learn. As your baby matures, you can make a game out of repeating actions or words. This will help build his self-confidence and strengthen connections in his brain throughout year 1.
Variety is important, too.
Expose your baby to a variety of toys and textures, such as soft stuffed animals, bumpy plastic rattles, or smooth wooden blocks. At first, limit toys to one or two simple, colorful choices to help him stay focused. Most objects end up in a young baby's mouth, so make sure the items aren’t too small, and always watch closely.
As baby matures, you can modify a toy or activity. For example, place the ball your baby is enjoying inside a box. This small change will challenge his cognitive skills without frustration.
The "cause and effect" effect.
By age 4 to 5 months, your baby will start to drop things on purpose as a test of his newly discovered ability to influence his surroundings. At this stage, give him wooden spoons, plastic cups, or small boxes and make this action a game.
As he matures, you can move to interactive toys or activity boards. Show him how pushing a button creates music or opening a toy barn door makes a cow moo. Seeing the results of actions will strengthen your baby’s self-confidence.
Create safe spaces for exploration.
Encourage your baby to explore and discover by filling a lower drawer or kitchen cabinet with baby-safe objects of various shapes, textures, and sizes. A baby’s cognitive development can be strengthened by dropping, rolling, and waving objects, along with placing items inside one another.
Play make-believe to reinforce names and functions.
By 12 months of age, you can expect your baby to realize that items have both names and uses. To encourage this development, give your baby props, such as a soft hairbrush, toy phone, soft-bristle toothbrush, cup, or spoon, and show him the proper way to use each. When he imitates the action, let him know how proud you are!